George Ho was a professional translator with more than 15 years' translation and editing experience both in New Zealand and China, which covers commercial, technical, scientific, medical, military, official, legal and general translations. He also has experience in interpreting, translation for multimedia packages, software and web localization projects, as well as in linguistic consultancy. He was awarded a PhD Degree in Translation Studies by the University of Auckland, New Zealand. He has published several papers, including the one entitled "Translating Advertisements across Heterogeneous Cultures", which appears in the special issue of The Translator [SSCI/AHCI] in November 2004. Dr. George Ho was invited to establish the Department of Translation and Interpreting by Wenzao Ursuline College of Languages in Kaohsiung, Taiwan in August 2005. He has been the Chairman of the Department since.
This book, as a volume of the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, is primarily concerned with detonation waves or compression shock waves in reactive heterogeneous media, including mixtures of solid, liquid and gas phases.The topics involve a variety of energy release and control processes in such media - a contemporary research field that has found wide applications in propulsion and power, hazard prevention as well as military engineering.The six extensive chapters contained in this volume are:- Spray Detonation (SB Murray and PA Thibault)- Detonation of Gas-Particle Flow (F Zhang)- Slurry Detonation (DL Frost and F Zhang)- Detonation of Metalized Composite Explosives (MF Gogulya and MA Brazhnikov)- Shock-Induced Solid-Solid Reactions and Detonations (YA Gordopolov, SS Batsanov, and VS Trofimov)- Shock Ignition of Particles (SM Frolov and AV Fedorov)Each chapter is self-contained and can be read independently of the others, though, they are thematically interrelated. They offer a timely reference, for graduate students as well as professional scientists and engineers, by laying out the foundations and discussing the latest developments including yet unresolved challenging problems.
Rapid development of the theory of superfluid condensed matter and high-precision astronomical data in recent years, obtained by Planck space telescopes and the HST, the detector PAMELA, Fermi, AMS, allows to fill the vacuum of space of the Universe physical content.The experimental results of the Military Engineering Space Academy with the magnetometer installed on the artificial earth satellites, clearly confirm the reality of heterogeneous polarized dipole space environment, which has electric and magnetic perception, analog superfluid ³He-B.The paper considers the anisotropy of physical space of the universe and a new longitudinal interaction, move planets, stars and galaxies. This new electromagnetic interaction can move and spaceships.Four articles included in this collection, is a polemical response to the scientific work, leading Russian scientists.
Military coalition operations impose stringentrequirements of interoperability on militaryinformation systems. Assembling heterogeneous systemsinto distributed information systems poses manychallenges to the software architects, notably on thequestion of overall performance from the users'perspective. This thesis reflects on the problem ofensuring performance in military distributedapplications. Of particular interest to this work arethe aspects of military performance metrics ormeasures of merit, the implementation aspects of suchmeasures into the formal CORBA distributed softwarespecification, the performance architectures offeredby quality of service and UML performance modelingaspects. It is hoped that the notions discussed inthis work will enable software architects in theirdifficult task of unifying information systems together.
Nigerian leaders adopted federal system as a political means to govern different nationalities amalgamated in 1914 by Lord Lugard. But these leaders were uncritically accepting the Wheare model of federalism . This uncritical thinking produced imbalance federal structure imposed on the country. The political imbalance was transferred to the post-colonial state where the ruling elites manipulated the socio-instruments to ensure hegemony and control of resources by the Federal government. The military in politics did not help matters. The creation of more states was meant to weaken the federating states. Therefore, the issue of devolution of powers in Nigerian society is to correct pre independence abnormalities fostered on the Nigerian peoples partially by the colonial government. The mechanisms provided in the constitution to pacify various nationalities in the country, such as constitutional provision, federal character principle have not stopped the agitation for devolution of powers. For the Nigerian state to be regarded as a true federal system, power devolution is important, and is an effective and efficient way of running heterogeneous society such as Nigeria.
Reliable authentication of persons is a growing demanding service in many fields, not only in police or military environments, but also in civilian applications, such as access control or financial transactions. Traditional authentication systems are based on knowledge (a password, a pin) or possession (a card, a key). But these systems are not reliable enough for many environments, due to their common inability to differentiate between a true authorized user and an user who fraudulently acquired the privilege of the authorized user. A solution to these problems has been found in the biometric based authentication technologies. A novel fully-automatic authentication system is proposed using the retinal vessel tree pattern as biometric characteristic. The goal is to develop a robust biometric template extraction and matching methodology capable of dealing with a more heterogeneous scenario than before. The experimental results show that the authentication method is capable of achieving a confidence band between scores of authorized and unauthorized individuals in a complex database while using a small but reliable template in a very short computation time.
The fundamental characteristic of the current economic system is its continuous and increasing need for energy. A constantly increasing demand that, with a few limited exceptions, has been met for more than two centuries through the exploitation of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. These resources are distributed in a heterogeneous way on the planet, in such a way as to determine a close competition for the energetic control. In view of the precarious situation in the Middle East, major importers, especially for oil and natural gas, are focusing their investments in Africa: despite their relatively small size, African resources could play a strategic role in energy policy in the near future. Within the African context, the Gulf of Guinea is one of the richest areas of hydrocarbons. However, the largest producer in the area, Nigeria, is in a social and political situation on the verge of collapse, which has repeatedly resulted in military dictatorships and civil wars. At the crossroads and heart of these conflicts is the Niger Delta, the region in the south-east of the country where most of the hydrocarbons are located.
This monograph is devoted to ‘Mother Russia’ as a principal concept of Russian nationalism. The volume demonstrates the role of the mythology of ‘Mother Russia’ in inventing and reinventing Russianness, in producing Ours and Theirs, in constructing external and internal Enemies, in legitimating and delegitimating power within the political system of Russia. Chapter I ‘Nationalism, Gender, and War: A Methodological Framework’ starts with definitions of the study’s key terms – gender, nationalism, identity, and discourse. Interpreting gender as a referential, context-dependent and heterogeneous phenomenon as well as showing its implication in power relations, the author demonstrates that all principal concepts of nationalism as a discursive formation intersect with gender discourse. This, on the one hand, comes about through the role of nationalism in the formation of gender order during Modernity, and, on the other hand, through the potential of gender to serve as an effective marker facilitating the process of inclusion and exclusion in the making of collective identity. The author argues that gender discourse serves as a weapon of war, playing an important role in national mobilization, as well as in the assertion of supremacy in war, both militarily and morally. The aim of Chapter II ‘“Mother Russia” Through the Lenses of Postcolonial Studies’ is a general explanation of the symbol. ‘Mother Russia’ is rooted in a myth-symbol complex of Russian culture. At the same time, it has also been developed under the influence of the discourse on Modernity that has divided the world into ‘the West and the Rest’. In Western culture, ‘Mother Russia’ serves as a ‘symbolic border-guard’ between a ‘masculine’ West and ‘feminine’ Russia. ‘Mother Russia’ keeps functioning as a factor of the identity of the West in the post-Cold War era. Contemporary Western mass media actively exploits this symbol to mark a border of the West and to designate Russia as irrational, archaic, chaotic, mysterious, unpredictable, and passive.In Russian culture, the development of ‘Mother Russia’ is, to a considerable extent, a reaction to these practices of her ‘othering’ within Western discourse. The idea of the femininity of Russia is accepted, first of all, in the ‘messianic’ discourse, which treats Russia as the savior of the West and of all humankind. The author shows that some other non-Western cultures use the similar ‘authofeminization’ accompanied by a representation of the Western civilization as extremely masculine, ‘dangerous masculine’. The symbol is exploited in the politics of identity of Russian nationalism to provide unity for the Russian nation. By determining ‘Ours’, the discourse on ‘Mother Russia’ also produces Enemies both in national and gender dimensions. Chapter III ‘“Mother Russia” in the History of 20th Century’ analyzes the major phases of development of the symbol during the last century, focusing on its functions in wars (including the Russo-Japanese war, First and Second World Wars, as well as Cold War), revolutions and civil conflicts. It focuses on the mutual influence of ‘Mother Russia’, on the one side, and national, military, political, imperial, and gender discourses in Russia, on the other. The study shows how various discourses in- and outside Russia contest for the interpretation of ‘Mother Russia’ so that to speak on behalf of her. This discursive struggle around the maternal image of Russia accounts for the polysemy of this symbol and heterogeneity of national identity in general.
This book explores the political trajectory of Latin America's most important contemporary labor movement. The New Unionism played a central role in Brazil's struggle for democracy in the 1980s and recast the country's subsequent party politics through its creation of the innovative Workers' Party (PT). The author breaks new ground by analyzing this celebrated prototype of "social movement unionism" as a heterogeneous alliance of component factions that evolves in relation to shifting economic, political, and ideological contexts. Through the prism of internal politics, he shows how Brazil's transitions - from military-authoritarian to liberal-democratic rule, from statist to free-market economic policies, and from a Leninist to a post-Leninist left - undermined the independent labor movement's commitments to internal democracy, political autonomy, and societal transformation. The book concludes with a comparative assessment of Brazilian, South African, and South Korean social movement unionisms' shared dilemmas, arguing that an adequate understanding of their relative declines demands more rigorous attention to the dynamic nexus between internal movement politics and shifting external environments.